Start the Group Policy Editor. If you don't know how to do that you probably shouldn't fiddle with it.
Enable the policy "Do not include drivers with Windows updates".
If it's too late and the update is already downloaded and causing trouble you can also do this.
Device Installation Restrictions
Enable the policy "Prevent installation of devices not described by other policy settings". This is a bit shotgun but it's quick and you can't miss, which is the point of a shotgun.
If you have control of the system and you can get the ID from the driver properties then you can use the "Prevent installation of devices that match any of these device IDs" to blacklist drivers. The list of Hardware IDs shown in the driver properties starts with the most specific and ends with the most general.
A tip for troubleshooting display driver problems: enable remote desktop. That way you don't need the driver to work to control the computer.